2. Search for Literature
Find academic literature that can help you learn more about your issue.
If you want to practically impact learning, you want to use Learning Sciences research to design and analyze more effective learning environments. If you are an academic, you want to understand what has already been researched so you can add to that useful body knowledge.
The first step in using and contributing research is to find research useful for your issue.
- If you haven’t already, set up a reference manager and and filing system to manage your literature search
- Read these guides on searching and acquiring sources.
- It’s very important that you understand how to visualize the main argument of a source, and you may find it helpful to see how to annotate a source. Use whatever summarizing technique you like, some options are to visualize the main argument, summarize in prose (Part II of Arguing from Sources has more detail), use Sharon Carver’s technique or the LS 2012 cohort’s technique.
- You might find an outliner tool like OminOutliner useful for taking notes and a diagramming tool like Omingraffle useful for visualizing the line of argument and creating synthesis trees.
To map the conversation for building your practical and research arguments, you need to iteratively:
- search for relevant articles,
- summarize the articles that are important for your argument, and
- find a senior graduate student who can help you find related literature,
Even a short review of the literature will take you weeks, but doing this consistently at a regular pace each week is important, and will provide its own feedback as you go. The table gives you some rough targets for the next 3 weeks of working on your literature review:
Build a bibliography of references (see search tips) -- by the end of the process you want to have 10-20 good references (that’s enough for a workshop paper or conference paper); but you may need to search for a lot more to find the good ones.
Record these in APA style reference -- we can probably suggest other articles if you show us your bibliography
Try to find about 10 articles first week, 20 by the second, and 30 by the third
Summarize references that you think will build your argument. You probably can’t summarize 10-20 articles in one week! But if you can summarize 3-4 each week you’ll make short work of your lit review.
We’re not going to check each of your summaries, but we’ll can check the first 1 or 2 to give you some feedback about “how to read”
Try to summarize about 3 articles the first week, 6 by the second, and 9 by the third.
For your references list aim for:
- Searching a good volume (see targets above)
- Make sure you are maintaining the references in your reference manager
- Acquiring the sources
- Mark which ones are worth reading (beyond the abstract)
For your summaries (Kauffer et al. 1989, p105), make sure that if someone else read the summary they could say:
- Do you know who wrote the text summarized?
- What is issue addressed by author?
- What is main point by author?
- Would you be able to locate text in library? Where?
- Can you separate points made by author in summary and points made by author of text being summarized? (mark points about which you're unsure)
- How does author of text summarized see issue?
- What does the author feel is real problem?
- What solution does author recommend?
- Judging from summary, did author summarize beliefs or actions we should accept or those we should reject?
- Are any terms you don't understand? Underline them?
- Are there any points that you wonder "why did the author say them?" Mark them.
Each week, upload,Your master design document with:
- Updated reference list
- Summaries (or link to summaries)
1. How should I search for articles?
Check out this these tips on how to search using Google scholar, bibliographies and authors that will help you build up a reference list in no time.
2. How should I keep track of articles?
You definitely need to setup a reference manager and filing system -- not just for this project but to keep track of articles for all your future projects.
3. How can I get copies of the articles?
Fortunately, you have tremendous resources available for you for acquiring articles.
4. How should I summarize articles?
These articles will help you annotate a source, visualize the main argument and summarize it. Summarizing arguments is probably the most difficult but important step of this process. At the very least, to be credible you should be able to describe the main argument of the source and understand it in enough detail that you can relate it to other articles in the lit review. To speed things up, you might also want to invest in a good outlining tool like OmniOutliner.
Literature Review Oct 2017.docx2 years ago
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